The planet Jupiter

Length of day:

To 9.93 hours

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in the Solar system. The surface of Jupiter are not made of stone, in contrast to the terrestrial planets closer to the Sun. The planet Jupiter is a huge ball of gas the size. Composition of atmosphere: hydrogen(85%), methane, ammonia, helium(14%). The composition of the atmosphere gas giant similar to the Sun. Jupiter radiates into space more heat than it receives from the Sun. The origin of this energy processes occurring in the core of the planet with hydrogen under huge pressure at which the gas acquires properties similar to metal.

Jupiter rotates so quickly that the planet is elongated along the equator. This intense rotation is the cause of hurricanes on the surface of the atmosphere where the clouds look like long stripes of different colors, rotating along the equator of the planet, often in opposite directions. The atmosphere of the planet Jupiter is full of vortex regions, the most enormous of them – the Great Red spot. in size superior to the Earth. The great Red spot – a huge storm in Jupiter’s atmosphere. continuing more than three hundred years.

In the depths of the gas giant under the huge pressure of the hydrogen gas is squeezed into the liquid, and closer to the center of the planet from the liquid in tverdolistvennye. Just a hundred kilometers from the outer atmosphere is the boundless space of liquid hydrogen. Deeper 17000 km. the gas is squeezed so that the links in the molecules are destroyed. After which it acquires the properties of the metal; in this state, hydrogen is a conductor of electricity.

Electric current flowing in a metal core, generates around the planet Jupiter, the strongest magnetic field in the Solar system (Earth stronger in 20000), which extends to the orbit of the planet Saturn. Around the planet there is a belt of radiation, the cause is the interaction of the magnetic field and dust particles and soil that spews from their bowels the closest satellite of Jupiter, IO .

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