Radiation risk for astronauts (radiobiological rationale)
The book covers a fairly wide range of materials concerning the sources of cosmic rays affecting astronauts in the implementation of interplanetary and orbital space flight, the quantities of the doses, the reactions of individual systems and the whole organism of animals and humans, and changes its stability when the complex character of radiation exposure in space.
The results of a 14-year experiment on a large lot dogs with simulation values of the doses and nature of dose distribution in time, which will affect astronauts during the flight to Mars. The considered models of formation of radiation damage in the hematopoietic system and the level of the organism during long exposures with varying dose rate, and the model of radiation mortality rate of mammals, describing accelerated aging and the changing age-specific mortality rates in a dose-and dose rate radiation exposure.
The book presents the algorithms and results of calculations of the radiation risk in the process of interplanetary and orbital missions throughout the life of astronauts, as well as data on possible sacramentoa life expectancy. The new approaches to the regulation of radiation exposure and justifies the new lower acceptable dose to astronauts during flights and during the whole professional activity. Continue reading
Vitmaras called intergalactic ship (“Big sky Chariot”), able to endure “in her womb” to 144 spacecraft Wightman type.
The Wightman is a spacecraft (“Small Heavenly Chariot”), fit for travel directly between the Lands of different solar (stellar) systems and landing on them.
Remember that our ancestors called the Great Vitmara “Heavenly Chariot.” Such spaceships were intended for very long flights, for travel from one Galaxy to another. These space ships could carry, as mentioned earlier, at least 144 Wightman. The Zionism was used as a research spacecraft and to move between neighboring star systems that have been deleted on a relatively “small” distance, and also shopping.
There were two types of space ships — INTERGALACTIC — CLASS BIG VITMARA and GALACTIC CLASS — ZIONISM. Class of galactic space ships (Wightman) was used for travel within one Galaxy between the nearest star systems. Class of intergalactic space ships (Vaitmar) — to move between near and far Galaxies and nutrigenetic over long distances. Continue reading
100 kilometers above the Earth’s surface (according to the international standards space begins at this altitude), speed – kmh 4000, which is 4 times the speed of sound, so it looks like a tourist flight into space, which you could see in sci-Fi movies or dreamed about since childhood.
Now the dream to see the immensity of outer space has already become a reality.
Who are those 5 people who first saw the Galaxy, read the article. We will also talk about the details of the flight and to quote the impressions of space explorers.
Space tourists – Dennis Anthony Tito
Time in space: 28 April – 6 may 2001
Fare: $20 million
Citizenship: United States
This reckless American with a decidedly non-American name proudly bears the title of “space tourist No. 1”. Anthony Tito is a multimillionaire and entrepreneur of Italian origin. Continue reading
Among all the planets of the Solar system Jupiter occupies a special position. First, it is the largest planet in our Solar system. Secondly, it is the planet having the largest number of satellites (currently known 67). Thirdly, it is not just the heaviest planet in the Solar system, and planet, the mass of which in 2.47 times the mass of all other planets combined. Ganymede, one of Jupiter’s moons, is the largest natural satellite in the Solar system. In addition, the popularity of the planet gives a local landmark – the Great red spot (BKP), which is a mysterious storm, continuing on Jupiter for hundreds of years.
It should be noted that most of the news concerning Jupiter, deals either with his companions or with BCP. It’s safe to say that much more interest for scientists is the study of the satellites it than him. Of particular interest are the moons IO and Europe . IO has a huge number of active volcanoes, for which this satellite was the status of the most geologically active satellite in the Solar system. And the ice surface of Europa conceals a liquid ocean, which literally forces scientists to look for life on this satellite. In this category of our website you southeastasia with the latest news concerning Jupiter’s moons and, of course, himself. Continue reading
Astronomers have discovered the 9th planet of the Solar system?
Giant in the Kuiper belt
Perhaps, the ideas of humans about the Solar system far from reality. Scientists from the University of California, Michael brown and Konstantin Batygin has published a paper in which it is proved that in the Solar system there is at least one full planet .
For the first time sensational work of scientists was published in The Astronomical Journal, later it was reported by reputable scientific journals Science and Nature.
As stated in the work, a new planet, still do not have own names, was found by mathematical analysis of perturbations that experience the body the so-called “Kuiper belt” — space on the outskirts of the Solar system.
According to the calculations of brown and batygina, the ninth planet orbit is at a distance of 20 orbits from Neptune. Revolution around the Sun, this object travels in 10 – 20 thousand years. Planet, according to the findings of researchers exceeds the Land mass 10 times. Continue reading