technology

How long to fly to Mars

The planet Mars is one of the brightest objects in our night sky, even visible to the naked eye and resembles a bright red star. About every two years, our planet and Mars is a maximum converging. Such an event in astronomy is called “confrontation”. At this point, Mars will be only fifty-five millions of miles from Earth. People capitalize on that by sending to the Red Planet during the confrontation spaceships. So how much to fly to Mars ?

The orbit of Mars and Earth

The complete journey from Earth to Mars takes between 150 to 300 days to allow for the speed run, the location of the planets and the length of the path, which must pass the spacecraft. In this case the dominant factor is only the amount of fuel. The more fuel, the faster it will take flight.

History of flights to Mars

The first ever space ship, committed trip Earth-Mars, was created by NASA’s Mariner 4. It was launched in late November 1964 and appeared on Mars July 14, 1965. Mariner 4 reached Mars in 228 days. Continue reading

Flight to Mars

“In 80 days around the world” – was the slogan in the old history of the development of technology. Now this task is formulated so: to achieve 40 days of the planet Mars. It sounds unbelievable, nonetheless it is quite real.

New rocket technology must already exist!

Firm Ad Astra Rocket Company earlier NASA astronaut Franklin Chang-Diaz has developed a new rocket engine. Thus the electric energy and the magnetic field associated to the plasma that goes with a high fever. This beam plasma produces uniform and efficient cravings and needs in comparison with other types of engines only in a small amount of fuel.

With this new technology significantly increased the likelihood that a manned mission will continue to be our neighboring planet about 40 days is a small revolution in space flight.

The smallest distance between Mars and Earth is about 56 million km, the largest 401 million km. Continue reading

Manned mission to Mars

By the end of XX century the mankind will be able to send a manned expedition to the planet Mars. The Soviet Union, the United States and other countries could combine resources to implement joint flight. In 1969 was declared a long-term program of the Soviet Union in the field of manned flights in which was planned the creation of orbital stations and laboratories with departing crews as the primary means of extensive exploration of outer space. They will be the “spaceports in space,” launch pads for flights to other planets. There will be large scientific laboratory for research into space technology and biology, medicine and Geophysics, astronomy and astrophysics.

Academician B. N. Petrov, at that time Chairman of the Council at the USSR Academy of Sciences on international cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space “Intercosmos”, noted that orbital space platforms will carry out the final Assembly of the spacecraft systems to conduct training classes of astronauts, which will be used to space conditions and to participate in the Assembly and testing of interplanetary ships.

In the Soviet Union there is a program capable of deducing in space of the modules of spacecraft and build space stations in earth orbit. Continue reading

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