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The structure of comets

Unlike planets, comets move on highly elongated orbits, and therefore are visible only at short periods close to the Sun.

The main part of any comet is its nucleus .

According to the hypothesis of the famous American researcher of comets Fred Lawrence Whipple, cometary nucleus is an ice consisting of a mixture of frozen water and frozen gases interspersed with refractory rocky and metallic particles . Figuratively speaking, it looks like a “dirty iceberg”.

Let us imagine that we see the newly opened the comet, which is somewhere in the vicinity of Jupiter’s orbit. Seeing through the telescope hazy pale speck, like a spherical nebula (such unattractive are presented to the observer of a distant comet), we may be disappointed at first. With the approach of the comet to the Sun the solar flux increases. Comet “ice” begin to evaporate rapidly. Around the nucleus formed a vast glowing gas shell – coma. Together with the core of it is the head of the comet. Continue reading

For the non-refundable flight to Mars 52 Russians are selected

Dutch company Mars One intends to send the first volunteers to the Red planet by 2023. But our expert explains why it’s not going to happen

Organizers of large-scale colonization of the red planet have previously determined the volunteers who will fly to Mars by 2023

Organizers of large-scale colonization of the red planet have previously determined the volunteers who will fly to Mars by 2023. Dutch company Mars One is counting on that date for $ 6 billion to build a permanent base there.

Just primary have been selected 1058 candidates. Most of them are residents of the U.S. — 297 people. From Russia – 52 volunteers. But by 2015 the project managers will select 24 people who will go to Mars. By the way, the company warns that a return ticket is not provided.

Deep space is not for fools

Alexander milkus, the editor of the education Department of KP Continue reading

Planets of the solar system.

Solar system – 8 planets and over 63 of the satellite, which are opened more often, several dozen comets and many asteroids. All cosmic bodies move in their precise directional trajectories around the Sun, which is 1000 times harder than any body in the solar system combined. The center of the solar system is the Sun – the star around which orbits the turning of the planet. They do not emit heat and not light, but only reflect the light of the Sun. In the solar system now officially recognized as the 8 planets. Briefly, in order of distance from the sun, we list them all. And now a few definitions.

A planet is a celestial body that must satisfy four conditions:

1. the body must revolve around the star (for example, around the Sun);

2. the body must have sufficient gravity to have a spherical or similar shape;

3. the body should not be near its orbit of other large bodies; Continue reading

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On the outskirts of the Solar system walk comets
Some comets, rotating now in the Solar system, were originally in other star systems and ended up here due to the fact that the Sun is their "kidnapped". To this…

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Flight to Mars
"In 80 days around the world" - was the slogan in the old history of the development of technology. Now this task is formulated so: to achieve 40 days of…

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Flight to Mars
Modern physics. A flight to Mars. Russia is technically ready to organize a manned mission to Mars in early 2020-ies, the Director of the space research Institute of Russian Academy…

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