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The structure of comets

Unlike planets, comets move on highly elongated orbits, and therefore are visible only at short periods close to the Sun.

The main part of any comet is its nucleus .

According to the hypothesis of the famous American researcher of comets Fred Lawrence Whipple, cometary nucleus is an ice consisting of a mixture of frozen water and frozen gases interspersed with refractory rocky and metallic particles . Figuratively speaking, it looks like a “dirty iceberg”.

Let us imagine that we see the newly opened the comet, which is somewhere in the vicinity of Jupiter’s orbit. Seeing through the telescope hazy pale speck, like a spherical nebula (such unattractive are presented to the observer of a distant comet), we may be disappointed at first. With the approach of the comet to the Sun the solar flux increases. Comet “ice” begin to evaporate rapidly. Around the nucleus formed a vast glowing gas shell – coma. Together with the core of it is the head of the comet. Continue reading

Flight along cosmic strings

So far the only scientifically proven the possibility of interstellar travel is the acceleration of the spacecraft up to relativistic speeds (punctures and convolution space still remain purely speculative projects). The ship may abandon astronauts in suspended animation for a dozen or even a hundred light years and return them to Earth. But because of the relativistic slowing of Board time on earth will pass away not even the century and Millennium — and it is somehow not pleasing. In addition to other galaxies to get to, there’s no cryostasis will not help. But it is possible that the output is still there.

For 15 years Professor of theoretical physics at Imperial College London, Joao Magueijo develops the hypothesis of variable speed of light (Varying Speed of Light, VSL). However, he minded very little, since most scientists believe this idea is pure nonsense. But we are talking about science impossible, so will try to temper my skepticism.

VSL-models calculated in several ways. They all say that measured on Earth the speed of light in a vacuum is not an absolute constant, and only the lower limit of the speed of propagation of electromagnetic waves. In certain (frankly, vesimaailma) conditions may be many times 299 792 km/s. Continue reading

Galactic tourists

100 kilometers above the Earth’s surface (according to the international standards space begins at this altitude), speed – kmh 4000, which is 4 times the speed of sound, so it looks like a tourist flight into space, which you could see in sci-Fi movies or dreamed about since childhood.

Now the dream to see the immensity of outer space has already become a reality.

Who are those 5 people who first saw the Galaxy, read the article. We will also talk about the details of the flight and to quote the impressions of space explorers.

Space tourists – Dennis Anthony Tito

Time in space: 28 April – 6 may 2001

Fare: $20 million

Citizenship: United States

This reckless American with a decidedly non-American name proudly bears the title of “space tourist No. 1”. Anthony Tito is a multimillionaire and entrepreneur of Italian origin. Continue reading

The origin of the solar system
The sun and the solar system was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The solar system originated from a cloud, composed of gas and dust particles moving. Under the influence…

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Jupiter, the largest planet in the Solar system
Ten interesting facts about the Solar system. 1.Jupiter absorbs space debris We all know that Jupiter is a planet with a big red stain on the surface and a storm…

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The Planet Jupiter
Among all the planets of the Solar system Jupiter occupies a special position. First, it is the largest planet in our Solar system. Secondly, it is the planet having the…

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