The sun and the solar system was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The solar system originated from a cloud, composed of gas and dust particles moving. Under the influence of its weight of it formed a disk in the center of which formed the Sun .
Gradually within the disk began to form solid materials. They faced each other, whereby a large celestial body. Their size corresponds to the existing planets. Inside the nebulae, where the temperature was high enough to form rocky planets. Far from the center formed the giant planets, they contain a large amount of ice, and they were surrounded by a thick layer of gas.
Within the Solar system the temperature even higher, and planets formed from rocky debris of the solar nebula. They are in contact with each other, forming a large celestial body. They attract each other by virtue of the power of the law of gravity and give birth to planets of terrestrial group. The atmosphere of the Earth and Venus, the largest among them, tight.
The atmosphere of Mars, a smaller planet is less dense, and mercury. the smallest planet of this group, it is very sparse compared to earth is not readily available.
Outside the Solar system,on the contrary, or due to the large number of large heavenly bodies, or because of the excess water formed a huge body, surrounded by natural satellites. Continue reading
The planet Mars is one of the brightest objects in our night sky, even visible to the naked eye and resembles a bright red star. About every two years, our planet and Mars is a maximum converging. Such an event in astronomy is called “confrontation”. At this point, Mars will be only fifty-five millions of miles from Earth. People capitalize on that by sending to the Red Planet during the confrontation spaceships. So how much to fly to Mars ?
The orbit of Mars and Earth
The complete journey from Earth to Mars takes between 150 to 300 days to allow for the speed run, the location of the planets and the length of the path, which must pass the spacecraft. In this case the dominant factor is only the amount of fuel. The more fuel, the faster it will take flight.
History of flights to Mars
The first ever space ship, committed trip Earth-Mars, was created by NASA’s Mariner 4. It was launched in late November 1964 and appeared on Mars July 14, 1965. Mariner 4 reached Mars in 228 days. Continue reading
Solar system – 8 planets and over 63 of the satellite, which are opened more often, several dozen comets and many asteroids. All cosmic bodies move in their precise directional trajectories around the Sun, which is 1000 times harder than any body in the solar system combined. The center of the solar system is the Sun – the star around which orbits the turning of the planet. They do not emit heat and not light, but only reflect the light of the Sun. In the solar system now officially recognized as the 8 planets. Briefly, in order of distance from the sun, we list them all. And now a few definitions.
A planet is a celestial body that must satisfy four conditions:
1. the body must revolve around the star (for example, around the Sun);
2. the body must have sufficient gravity to have a spherical or similar shape;
3. the body should not be near its orbit of other large bodies; Continue reading