The sun and the solar system was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The solar system originated from a cloud, composed of gas and dust particles moving. Under the influence of its weight of it formed a disk in the center of which formed the Sun .
Gradually within the disk began to form solid materials. They faced each other, whereby a large celestial body. Their size corresponds to the existing planets. Inside the nebulae, where the temperature was high enough to form rocky planets. Far from the center formed the giant planets, they contain a large amount of ice, and they were surrounded by a thick layer of gas.
Within the Solar system the temperature even higher, and planets formed from rocky debris of the solar nebula. They are in contact with each other, forming a large celestial body. They attract each other by virtue of the power of the law of gravity and give birth to planets of terrestrial group. The atmosphere of the Earth and Venus, the largest among them, tight.
The atmosphere of Mars, a smaller planet is less dense, and mercury. the smallest planet of this group, it is very sparse compared to earth is not readily available.
Outside the Solar system,on the contrary, or due to the large number of large heavenly bodies, or because of the excess water formed a huge body, surrounded by natural satellites. Continue reading
Unlike planets, comets move on highly elongated orbits, and therefore are visible only at short periods close to the Sun.
The main part of any comet is its nucleus .
According to the hypothesis of the famous American researcher of comets Fred Lawrence Whipple, cometary nucleus is an ice consisting of a mixture of frozen water and frozen gases interspersed with refractory rocky and metallic particles . Figuratively speaking, it looks like a “dirty iceberg”.
Let us imagine that we see the newly opened the comet, which is somewhere in the vicinity of Jupiter’s orbit. Seeing through the telescope hazy pale speck, like a spherical nebula (such unattractive are presented to the observer of a distant comet), we may be disappointed at first. With the approach of the comet to the Sun the solar flux increases. Comet “ice” begin to evaporate rapidly. Around the nucleus formed a vast glowing gas shell – coma. Together with the core of it is the head of the comet. Continue reading
Comets are small Solar system objects that move in orbit around the Sun and can be observed as a bright point with a long tail. They are interesting for several reasons.
Since ancient times people have observed comets in the sky. Only once in 10 years, we can see the comet from Earth with the naked eye. Its impressive tail flashes across the sky for several days or weeks.
In ancient times comets were considered a curse or a sign of previous trouble. So in 1910, when the Ground caught the tail of Halley’s comet, some entrepreneurs took advantage of the situation and sold people masks, pills from the comet, as well as umbrellas to protect from comets.
The name of the comet received from the Greek word for “long-haired” because people in Ancient Greece thought that comets look like stars with flowing hair.
Comets tail appears only when they are close to the Sun. When they are far away from the Sun, comets are extremely dark, cold, icy objects. Ice body is called the nucleus. Continue reading