material

The origin of the solar system

The sun and the solar system was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The solar system originated from a cloud, composed of gas and dust particles moving. Under the influence of its weight of it formed a disk in the center of which formed the Sun .

Gradually within the disk began to form solid materials. They faced each other, whereby a large celestial body. Their size corresponds to the existing planets. Inside the nebulae, where the temperature was high enough to form rocky planets. Far from the center formed the giant planets, they contain a large amount of ice, and they were surrounded by a thick layer of gas.

Within the Solar system the temperature even higher, and planets formed from rocky debris of the solar nebula. They are in contact with each other, forming a large celestial body. They attract each other by virtue of the power of the law of gravity and give birth to planets of terrestrial group. The atmosphere of the Earth and Venus, the largest among them, tight.

The atmosphere of Mars, a smaller planet is less dense, and mercury. the smallest planet of this group, it is very sparse compared to earth is not readily available.

Outside the Solar system,on the contrary, or due to the large number of large heavenly bodies, or because of the excess water formed a huge body, surrounded by natural satellites. Continue reading

Interplanetary and orbital space flights.

Radiation risk for astronauts (radiobiological rationale)

The book covers a fairly wide range of materials concerning the sources of cosmic rays affecting astronauts in the implementation of interplanetary and orbital space flight, the quantities of the doses, the reactions of individual systems and the whole organism of animals and humans, and changes its stability when the complex character of radiation exposure in space.

The results of a 14-year experiment on a large lot dogs with simulation values of the doses and nature of dose distribution in time, which will affect astronauts during the flight to Mars. The considered models of formation of radiation damage in the hematopoietic system and the level of the organism during long exposures with varying dose rate, and the model of radiation mortality rate of mammals, describing accelerated aging and the changing age-specific mortality rates in a dose-and dose rate radiation exposure.

The book presents the algorithms and results of calculations of the radiation risk in the process of interplanetary and orbital missions throughout the life of astronauts, as well as data on possible sacramentoa life expectancy. The new approaches to the regulation of radiation exposure and justifies the new lower acceptable dose to astronauts during flights and during the whole professional activity. Continue reading

Galactic tourists

100 kilometers above the Earth’s surface (according to the international standards space begins at this altitude), speed – kmh 4000, which is 4 times the speed of sound, so it looks like a tourist flight into space, which you could see in sci-Fi movies or dreamed about since childhood.

Now the dream to see the immensity of outer space has already become a reality.

Who are those 5 people who first saw the Galaxy, read the article. We will also talk about the details of the flight and to quote the impressions of space explorers.

Space tourists – Dennis Anthony Tito

Time in space: 28 April – 6 may 2001

Fare: $20 million

Citizenship: United States

This reckless American with a decidedly non-American name proudly bears the title of “space tourist No. 1”. Anthony Tito is a multimillionaire and entrepreneur of Italian origin. Continue reading

Open planet in honour of Day of Astronautics
One day in April Gagarin made his flight, and today we are on such a universal scale occasion will transcend time and space. Time is not linear, reality is relative,…

Continue reading →

Planets of alien stars
Now we prove the existence of 1783 planets in 1105 planetary systems. And the number of candidates is approaching three thousand. All in all, scientists assume that in our galaxy…

Continue reading →

The history of the discovery of Pluto
THE SEARCH FOR AND DISCOVERY OF THE NINTH PLANET Borislav Of Slavoljub 13 March 1783, William Herschel discovered the planet Uranus. This immediately increased the size of the Solar System…

Continue reading →