Space exploration mankind is just beginning. It’s only been 47 years since the launch of the first artificial satellite. At the dawn of the space seemed to fly on the next planet there are very few. The great powers of the world tacitly competed for the right to be the pioneers of space. As you know, the palm in this area belonged to the Soviet Union first launched into space man.
After the launch of Yuri Gagarin the world community recognized the absolute leadership of the USSR. But the main competitor – the United States of America – was not shared by the tumultuous enthusiasm about another giant leap of progress. And if the Soviet Union existed, the phrase “Catch up and overtake America!”, before members of the NASA task was to restore the eroded national prestige ahead of the Soviet Union in the space race. Three weeks after the flight of the first American astronaut in space, John F. Kennedy vowed America, after ten years since the Americans landed on the moon.
Indeed, on July 21, 1969 American astronaut first stepped on the moon. For Americans, this event was no less significant than the discovery of America or the Declaration of independence. Around the globe spread the pictures depicting the first inhabitants of the moon under the stars and stripes, and later shots of the film depicting a historic moment. With them and began don’t setaside this time the dispute about the lunar program. Continue reading
The history of cosmonautics in the “city of aviation” starts with the building of the Museum. It is an expressive building with a dome, inside which there is the planetarium, one of the outstanding examples of futuristic Soviet architecture. About and imagined future in space at the time. All-Union popularity of the building took on, when his image graced millions of matchboxes Kaluga factory “the Giant”.
To the creation of the Museum of Tsiolkovsky in the 60-ies of the last century had a hand in other space heroes — Gagarin and Korolev. The latter made the most notable contribution: the basis of the collection became the subjects admitted in 1967, from the design office Queen: missiles, propulsion, space vehicles, measuring devices, tools, spacesuits, food warmers. And Yuri Gagarin literally laid the first stone in the Foundation of the Museum — just two months after the first flight into space.
The exposition begins with this event, and from the earliest human attempts to break away from Terra firma. The rocket “the East” is preceded by Chinese gunpowder rockets, and kites, Lomonosov rotary-wing machine, aircraft Mozhaysky and, of course, the works of Tsiolkovsky. Continue reading
Thanks to the flight to Pluto the earthlings had the opportunity to see a completely unknown distant world, but the planet itself asked scientists puzzle that requires resolution, said in an interview with radio Baltkom, the Russian astronomer who discovered the brightest comet of the decade ISON Artem Novichonok.
“We, first of all NASA employees,as well as all humans, had the opportunity to see a completely unknown distant world located on the outskirts of the solar system and he was totally not as what we expected. This world presents a lot of surprises and much more when the device will reset all data”, – said the scientist.
“First of all we are talking about data relating to the formation of the solar system in General and the formation of those distant objects, one of which is Pluto. Learning of this mission, we see a completely unusual structure, we see that the surface of Pluto and its satellite Charon are very young, suddenly, their bodies are very small, cold, much less the Earth and explain this geological activity is quite young mountains, the age of which children on the part of the solar system is very young, the plains are also very young, completely devoid of craters. All of these processes obyasnite does not work. Continue reading