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The structure of comets

Unlike planets, comets move on highly elongated orbits, and therefore are visible only at short periods close to the Sun.

The main part of any comet is its nucleus .

According to the hypothesis of the famous American researcher of comets Fred Lawrence Whipple, cometary nucleus is an ice consisting of a mixture of frozen water and frozen gases interspersed with refractory rocky and metallic particles . Figuratively speaking, it looks like a “dirty iceberg”.

Let us imagine that we see the newly opened the comet, which is somewhere in the vicinity of Jupiter’s orbit. Seeing through the telescope hazy pale speck, like a spherical nebula (such unattractive are presented to the observer of a distant comet), we may be disappointed at first. With the approach of the comet to the Sun the solar flux increases. Comet “ice” begin to evaporate rapidly. Around the nucleus formed a vast glowing gas shell – coma. Together with the core of it is the head of the comet. Continue reading

For the non-refundable flight to Mars 52 Russians are selected

Dutch company Mars One intends to send the first volunteers to the Red planet by 2023. But our expert explains why it’s not going to happen

Organizers of large-scale colonization of the red planet have previously determined the volunteers who will fly to Mars by 2023

Organizers of large-scale colonization of the red planet have previously determined the volunteers who will fly to Mars by 2023. Dutch company Mars One is counting on that date for $ 6 billion to build a permanent base there.

Just primary have been selected 1058 candidates. Most of them are residents of the U.S. — 297 people. From Russia – 52 volunteers. But by 2015 the project managers will select 24 people who will go to Mars. By the way, the company warns that a return ticket is not provided.

Deep space is not for fools

Alexander milkus, the editor of the education Department of KP Continue reading

The Planet Jupiter

Among all the planets of the Solar system Jupiter occupies a special position. First, it is the largest planet in our Solar system. Secondly, it is the planet having the largest number of satellites (currently known 67). Thirdly, it is not just the heaviest planet in the Solar system, and planet, the mass of which in 2.47 times the mass of all other planets combined. Ganymede, one of Jupiter’s moons, is the largest natural satellite in the Solar system. In addition, the popularity of the planet gives a local landmark – the Great red spot (BKP), which is a mysterious storm, continuing on Jupiter for hundreds of years.

It should be noted that most of the news concerning Jupiter, deals either with his companions or with BCP. It’s safe to say that much more interest for scientists is the study of the satellites it than him. Of particular interest are the moons IO and Europe . IO has a huge number of active volcanoes, for which this satellite was the status of the most geologically active satellite in the Solar system. And the ice surface of Europa conceals a liquid ocean, which literally forces scientists to look for life on this satellite. In this category of our website you southeastasia with the latest news concerning Jupiter’s moons and, of course, himself. Continue reading

Space and Earth
Space when observed with the naked eye Comets and meteors Unlike stars and planets that the naked eye perceives as a luminous point, the comet is observed in the form…

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The price of space flight has grown
Today, there are many ordinary people who want to visit in airless outer space in order to feel a sense of weightlessness, look at the Sun without atmospheric curtain, and…

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Interplanetary and orbital space flights.
Radiation risk for astronauts (radiobiological rationale) The book covers a fairly wide range of materials concerning the sources of cosmic rays affecting astronauts in the implementation of interplanetary and orbital…

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