“In 80 days around the world” – was the slogan in the old history of the development of technology. Now this task is formulated so: to achieve 40 days of the planet Mars. It sounds unbelievable, nonetheless it is quite real.
New rocket technology must already exist!
Firm Ad Astra Rocket Company earlier NASA astronaut Franklin Chang-Diaz has developed a new rocket engine. Thus the electric energy and the magnetic field associated to the plasma that goes with a high fever. This beam plasma produces uniform and efficient cravings and needs in comparison with other types of engines only in a small amount of fuel.
With this new technology significantly increased the likelihood that a manned mission will continue to be our neighboring planet about 40 days is a small revolution in space flight.
The smallest distance between Mars and Earth is about 56 million km, the largest 401 million km. Continue reading
The sun is an ordinary star, whose age is about 5 billion years. On the Sun’s surface temperature is about 5.5 degrees Celsius, in the center, it reaches 14 million degrees. The sun is a huge ball of gas, the diameter of which is almost 109 times the diameter of Earth. But in relation to other stars the Sun is not too big.
The yellow light of the Sun comes from the layer of the solar atmosphere, having a thickness of 500 km and is called the Photosphere. Almost all solar energy, including heat and light, comes to us from the Photosphere, although it originally produced in the depths of the Sun.
The surface of the Sun — blistered. These bubbles, or foam, is called the solar fraction. Due to convection in the solar atmosphere, the thermal energy from the lower layers is transferred to the Photosphere, giving it a foamy structure. In the 1960s, astronomers found that the upper atmosphere of the Sun approximately once every five minutes is raised and lowered. So the Sun seems to vibrate. By studying these vibrations, astronomers hope to find out what is inside a sun ball. Continue reading
The history of cosmonautics in the “city of aviation” starts with the building of the Museum. It is an expressive building with a dome, inside which there is the planetarium, one of the outstanding examples of futuristic Soviet architecture. About and imagined future in space at the time. All-Union popularity of the building took on, when his image graced millions of matchboxes Kaluga factory “the Giant”.
To the creation of the Museum of Tsiolkovsky in the 60-ies of the last century had a hand in other space heroes — Gagarin and Korolev. The latter made the most notable contribution: the basis of the collection became the subjects admitted in 1967, from the design office Queen: missiles, propulsion, space vehicles, measuring devices, tools, spacesuits, food warmers. And Yuri Gagarin literally laid the first stone in the Foundation of the Museum — just two months after the first flight into space.
The exposition begins with this event, and from the earliest human attempts to break away from Terra firma. The rocket “the East” is preceded by Chinese gunpowder rockets, and kites, Lomonosov rotary-wing machine, aircraft Mozhaysky and, of course, the works of Tsiolkovsky. Continue reading