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How long to fly to Mars

The planet Mars is one of the brightest objects in our night sky, even visible to the naked eye and resembles a bright red star. About every two years, our planet and Mars is a maximum converging. Such an event in astronomy is called “confrontation”. At this point, Mars will be only fifty-five millions of miles from Earth. People capitalize on that by sending to the Red Planet during the confrontation spaceships. So how much to fly to Mars ?

The orbit of Mars and Earth

The complete journey from Earth to Mars takes between 150 to 300 days to allow for the speed run, the location of the planets and the length of the path, which must pass the spacecraft. In this case the dominant factor is only the amount of fuel. The more fuel, the faster it will take flight.

History of flights to Mars

The first ever space ship, committed trip Earth-Mars, was created by NASA’s Mariner 4. It was launched in late November 1964 and appeared on Mars July 14, 1965. Mariner 4 reached Mars in 228 days. Continue reading

The structure of comets

Unlike planets, comets move on highly elongated orbits, and therefore are visible only at short periods close to the Sun.

The main part of any comet is its nucleus .

According to the hypothesis of the famous American researcher of comets Fred Lawrence Whipple, cometary nucleus is an ice consisting of a mixture of frozen water and frozen gases interspersed with refractory rocky and metallic particles . Figuratively speaking, it looks like a “dirty iceberg”.

Let us imagine that we see the newly opened the comet, which is somewhere in the vicinity of Jupiter’s orbit. Seeing through the telescope hazy pale speck, like a spherical nebula (such unattractive are presented to the observer of a distant comet), we may be disappointed at first. With the approach of the comet to the Sun the solar flux increases. Comet “ice” begin to evaporate rapidly. Around the nucleus formed a vast glowing gas shell – coma. Together with the core of it is the head of the comet. Continue reading

Open planet in honour of Day of Astronautics

One day in April Gagarin made his flight, and today we are on such a universal scale occasion will transcend time and space.

Time is not linear, reality is relative, and can simultaneously be in two different places. To prove it, in our current cultural ranking, we sort of go back in time to learn about the future. With undying love for “the Martian Chronicles” and warm memories of childhood on the theme of Kir Bulychev’s works we decided this time to make more distant and mysterious space journey, revealing along the way a couple of other unknown planets. So, the first point of our sci-Fi trip -1938 year.

The asteroid Vesta, around the Main asteroid belt

In earth time: 1938

Discoverer: Isaac Asimov, “In the thrall of Vesta”

What happens:

Three space travellers, survivors in the crash of a spaceship. Three airtight rooms, one spacesuit, three days ‘ supply of oxygen, a week’s supply of food and a year’s supply of water… Continue reading

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On the outskirts of the Solar system walk comets
Some comets, rotating now in the Solar system, were originally in other star systems and ended up here due to the fact that the Sun is their "kidnapped". To this…

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Manned mission to Mars
By the end of XX century the mankind will be able to send a manned expedition to the planet Mars. The Soviet Union, the United States and other countries could…

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Jupiter, the largest planet in the Solar system
Ten interesting facts about the Solar system. 1.Jupiter absorbs space debris We all know that Jupiter is a planet with a big red stain on the surface and a storm…

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