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April 12 – Day of aviation and cosmonautics

On April 12 the whole world celebrates Day of aircraft and Astronautics.

This is a special day – a day of triumph of science and all those who are today engaged in the space industry.

Russia marks cosmonautics Day in commemoration of the first space flight by Yuri Gagarin. The holiday was established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated 9 April 1962.

April 12, 2010 isposed 49 years since the first flight of man in space. And did it our compatriot Yuri Gagarin. 108 minutes spent in space opened the way for other space explorers. For a short period of time since the first flight into space man has visited the moon, explored almost all the planets of the Solar system, but the first flight was the most difficult and dangerous.

But the confidence and optimism, the desire to conquer space overcame all obstacles. Addressing all the inhabitants of the Earth before launch on April 12 1961 Yuriy Alekseevich said, “Dear friends, relatives and strangers, countrymen, people of all countries and continents! Continue reading

Manned mission to Mars

By the end of XX century the mankind will be able to send a manned expedition to the planet Mars. The Soviet Union, the United States and other countries could combine resources to implement joint flight. In 1969 was declared a long-term program of the Soviet Union in the field of manned flights in which was planned the creation of orbital stations and laboratories with departing crews as the primary means of extensive exploration of outer space. They will be the “spaceports in space,” launch pads for flights to other planets. There will be large scientific laboratory for research into space technology and biology, medicine and Geophysics, astronomy and astrophysics.

Academician B. N. Petrov, at that time Chairman of the Council at the USSR Academy of Sciences on international cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space “Intercosmos”, noted that orbital space platforms will carry out the final Assembly of the spacecraft systems to conduct training classes of astronauts, which will be used to space conditions and to participate in the Assembly and testing of interplanetary ships.

In the Soviet Union there is a program capable of deducing in space of the modules of spacecraft and build space stations in earth orbit. Continue reading

Space tourists threat?

Recently a team of American researchers said that the now popular space tourism can be dangerous for climate of the planet. However, many scientists refer to this statement with skepticism. My opinion on this subject the correspondent was expressed by one of the leading experts on space travel, Professor Alexander Bolonkin.

Recently the journal Geophysical Research Letters has accepted for publication an article in which a group of researchers suggests that the currently popular space tourism can be dangerous for climate of the planet. Although it is not yet printed, about this study already talking in many leading online publications. All of the authors of the publications seem to fully support the researchers ‘ view regarding the danger of space travel.

What a project to promote space so scared of scientists from the Aerospace Corporation in Los Angeles (USA)? The fact that, in their view, flying back and forth space “shuttles” are left in the upper atmosphere is a lot of soot, which is a product of incomplete combustion of nuclear fuel. A group of researchers led by Martin Ross built a computer model of such contamination, based on information from business plans for space tourism in ha by 2020, and emissions estimates developed spacecraft SpaceShipTwo company Virgin Galactic’s. Continue reading

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