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The origin of the solar system

The sun and the solar system was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The solar system originated from a cloud, composed of gas and dust particles moving. Under the influence of its weight of it formed a disk in the center of which formed the Sun .

Gradually within the disk began to form solid materials. They faced each other, whereby a large celestial body. Their size corresponds to the existing planets. Inside the nebulae, where the temperature was high enough to form rocky planets. Far from the center formed the giant planets, they contain a large amount of ice, and they were surrounded by a thick layer of gas.

Within the Solar system the temperature even higher, and planets formed from rocky debris of the solar nebula. They are in contact with each other, forming a large celestial body. They attract each other by virtue of the power of the law of gravity and give birth to planets of terrestrial group. The atmosphere of the Earth and Venus, the largest among them, tight.

The atmosphere of Mars, a smaller planet is less dense, and mercury. the smallest planet of this group, it is very sparse compared to earth is not readily available.

Outside the Solar system,on the contrary, or due to the large number of large heavenly bodies, or because of the excess water formed a huge body, surrounded by natural satellites. Continue reading

Planets of the solar system.

Solar system – 8 planets and over 63 of the satellite, which are opened more often, several dozen comets and many asteroids. All cosmic bodies move in their precise directional trajectories around the Sun, which is 1000 times harder than any body in the solar system combined. The center of the solar system is the Sun – the star around which orbits the turning of the planet. They do not emit heat and not light, but only reflect the light of the Sun. In the solar system now officially recognized as the 8 planets. Briefly, in order of distance from the sun, we list them all. And now a few definitions.

A planet is a celestial body that must satisfy four conditions:

1. the body must revolve around the star (for example, around the Sun);

2. the body must have sufficient gravity to have a spherical or similar shape;

3. the body should not be near its orbit of other large bodies; Continue reading

Interesting facts about comets

Comets are small Solar system objects that move in orbit around the Sun and can be observed as a bright point with a long tail. They are interesting for several reasons.

Since ancient times people have observed comets in the sky. Only once in 10 years, we can see the comet from Earth with the naked eye. Its impressive tail flashes across the sky for several days or weeks.

In ancient times comets were considered a curse or a sign of previous trouble. So in 1910, when the Ground caught the tail of Halley’s comet, some entrepreneurs took advantage of the situation and sold people masks, pills from the comet, as well as umbrellas to protect from comets.

The name of the comet received from the Greek word for “long-haired” because people in Ancient Greece thought that comets look like stars with flowing hair.

Comets tail appears only when they are close to the Sun. When they are far away from the Sun, comets are extremely dark, cold, icy objects. Ice body is called the nucleus. Continue reading

The Planet Jupiter
Among all the planets of the Solar system Jupiter occupies a special position. First, it is the largest planet in our Solar system. Secondly, it is the planet having the…

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Sun Solar system
The sun is an ordinary star, whose age is about 5 billion years. On the Sun's surface temperature is about 5.5 degrees Celsius, in the center, it reaches 14 million…

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April 12 - Day of aviation and cosmonautics
On April 12 the whole world celebrates Day of aircraft and Astronautics. This is a special day – a day of triumph of science and all those who are today…

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