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April 12 – Day of aviation and cosmonautics

On April 12 the whole world celebrates Day of aircraft and Astronautics.

This is a special day – a day of triumph of science and all those who are today engaged in the space industry.

Russia marks cosmonautics Day in commemoration of the first space flight by Yuri Gagarin. The holiday was established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated 9 April 1962.

April 12, 2010 isposed 49 years since the first flight of man in space. And did it our compatriot Yuri Gagarin. 108 minutes spent in space opened the way for other space explorers. For a short period of time since the first flight into space man has visited the moon, explored almost all the planets of the Solar system, but the first flight was the most difficult and dangerous.

But the confidence and optimism, the desire to conquer space overcame all obstacles. Addressing all the inhabitants of the Earth before launch on April 12 1961 Yuriy Alekseevich said, “Dear friends, relatives and strangers, countrymen, people of all countries and continents! Continue reading

Space tourists threat?

Recently a team of American researchers said that the now popular space tourism can be dangerous for climate of the planet. However, many scientists refer to this statement with skepticism. My opinion on this subject the correspondent was expressed by one of the leading experts on space travel, Professor Alexander Bolonkin.

Recently the journal Geophysical Research Letters has accepted for publication an article in which a group of researchers suggests that the currently popular space tourism can be dangerous for climate of the planet. Although it is not yet printed, about this study already talking in many leading online publications. All of the authors of the publications seem to fully support the researchers ‘ view regarding the danger of space travel.

What a project to promote space so scared of scientists from the Aerospace Corporation in Los Angeles (USA)? The fact that, in their view, flying back and forth space “shuttles” are left in the upper atmosphere is a lot of soot, which is a product of incomplete combustion of nuclear fuel. A group of researchers led by Martin Ross built a computer model of such contamination, based on information from business plans for space tourism in ha by 2020, and emissions estimates developed spacecraft SpaceShipTwo company Virgin Galactic’s. Continue reading

The Museum of space history

Review

The history of cosmonautics in the “city of aviation” starts with the building of the Museum. It is an expressive building with a dome, inside which there is the planetarium, one of the outstanding examples of futuristic Soviet architecture. About and imagined future in space at the time. All-Union popularity of the building took on, when his image graced millions of matchboxes Kaluga factory “the Giant”.

To the creation of the Museum of Tsiolkovsky in the 60-ies of the last century had a hand in other space heroes — Gagarin and Korolev. The latter made the most notable contribution: the basis of the collection became the subjects admitted in 1967, from the design office Queen: missiles, propulsion, space vehicles, measuring devices, tools, spacesuits, food warmers. And Yuri Gagarin literally laid the first stone in the Foundation of the Museum — just two months after the first flight into space.

The exposition begins with this event, and from the earliest human attempts to break away from Terra firma. The rocket “the East” is preceded by Chinese gunpowder rockets, and kites, Lomonosov rotary-wing machine, aircraft Mozhaysky and, of course, the works of Tsiolkovsky. Continue reading

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