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Planets of the solar system.

Solar system – 8 planets and over 63 of the satellite, which are opened more often, several dozen comets and many asteroids. All cosmic bodies move in their precise directional trajectories around the Sun, which is 1000 times harder than any body in the solar system combined. The center of the solar system is the Sun – the star around which orbits the turning of the planet. They do not emit heat and not light, but only reflect the light of the Sun. In the solar system now officially recognized as the 8 planets. Briefly, in order of distance from the sun, we list them all. And now a few definitions.

A planet is a celestial body that must satisfy four conditions:

1. the body must revolve around the star (for example, around the Sun);

2. the body must have sufficient gravity to have a spherical or similar shape;

3. the body should not be near its orbit of other large bodies; Continue reading

Interesting facts about comets

Comets are small Solar system objects that move in orbit around the Sun and can be observed as a bright point with a long tail. They are interesting for several reasons.

Since ancient times people have observed comets in the sky. Only once in 10 years, we can see the comet from Earth with the naked eye. Its impressive tail flashes across the sky for several days or weeks.

In ancient times comets were considered a curse or a sign of previous trouble. So in 1910, when the Ground caught the tail of Halley’s comet, some entrepreneurs took advantage of the situation and sold people masks, pills from the comet, as well as umbrellas to protect from comets.

The name of the comet received from the Greek word for “long-haired” because people in Ancient Greece thought that comets look like stars with flowing hair.

Comets tail appears only when they are close to the Sun. When they are far away from the Sun, comets are extremely dark, cold, icy objects. Ice body is called the nucleus. Continue reading

Space and Earth

Space when observed with the naked eye

Comets and meteors

Unlike stars and planets that the naked eye perceives as a luminous point, the comet is observed in the form of an elongated spot, in which through careful observation can see the relatively bright concentration – “head” and a conical “tail”. With the aid of the telescope each year find 5-10 comets, but rarely any of them are so bright that accessible to observation with the naked eye. Like planets, comets move around the Sun. But unlike the planetary orbits of the trajectory of comets typically have very elongated. The periods of revolution around the Sun fills the interval from a few years (comet Encke is for 3.28 years) to several thousand years (comet Hale-BOPP – 3000 years).

Comet Hale-BOPP

The comet nucleus, from which emerge jets of gas, plasma and dust all the more intense, the closer to the perfect Sun the comet is a huge (from kilometers to tens of kilometers in diameter) snowball. It is composed of molecules containing hydrogen, oxygen (e.g., H 2 O), carbon and nitrogen, as well as from dust, which escapes as ice sublimation (i.e., in the transition to the gaseous state under the action of radiation of the Sun). In the core there are larger solid particles. Continue reading

Earth - Chronicles the life
The solar system is changing and nobody knows why Our Solar system seemed to be something static, immutable and eternal. This is not so. Only in the last 10 years…

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The price of a ticket into space again broke the record
Today the official price for a ticket into space — $62,75 million per person. For the money the Russian spacecraft Soyuz will carry to the ISS and returning on American,…

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Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko may be inhabited by alien microbes
Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko which is travelling now in the company of the device of the probe Philae and Rosetta could be inhabited, according to The Guardian . According to scientists, testifies…

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