The sun and the solar system was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The solar system originated from a cloud, composed of gas and dust particles moving. Under the influence of its weight of it formed a disk in the center of which formed the Sun .
Gradually within the disk began to form solid materials. They faced each other, whereby a large celestial body. Their size corresponds to the existing planets. Inside the nebulae, where the temperature was high enough to form rocky planets. Far from the center formed the giant planets, they contain a large amount of ice, and they were surrounded by a thick layer of gas.
Within the Solar system the temperature even higher, and planets formed from rocky debris of the solar nebula. They are in contact with each other, forming a large celestial body. They attract each other by virtue of the power of the law of gravity and give birth to planets of terrestrial group. The atmosphere of the Earth and Venus, the largest among them, tight.
The atmosphere of Mars, a smaller planet is less dense, and mercury. the smallest planet of this group, it is very sparse compared to earth is not readily available.
Outside the Solar system,on the contrary, or due to the large number of large heavenly bodies, or because of the excess water formed a huge body, surrounded by natural satellites. Continue reading
Of course, the oceans are huge and mountains impress with their value. And seven billion people is a lot, but still. Since we all live on planet Earth (whose diameter is 12 742 km), it is easy to forget how insignificant we really are small. All we need to do is look up at night, the sky, and realize that we are just a bunch of dust in the immeasurable vast Universe.
10. Jupiter. The largest planet (142 984 kilometres in diameter)
Jupiter – the largest planet of our Solar System. Ancient astronomers named Jupiter after the main Roman God. Jupiter is the fifth most close planet to the Sun. The atmosphere of Jupiter consists of about 84 percent hydrogen and about 15 percent helium, with small amounts of acetylene, ammonia, ethane, methane, phosphine, hydrogen and water vapor. Jupiter has a mass 318 times the mass of Earth and a diameter 11 times larger than the diameter of the Earth. The mass of Jupiter is 70% of the total mass of all other planets of our Solar System. The volume of Jupiter is large enough that it could fit 1300 planets the size of Earth. The planet has 63 known satellites (moons) but most of them have very small sizes, and disappear. Continue reading
Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko which is travelling now in the company of the device of the probe Philae and Rosetta could be inhabited, according to The Guardian . According to scientists, testifies to this rich organic compounds black crust of the comet.
According to leading astronomers, its presence can be explained by the presence under the ice crust “of microbes-extremophiles”, able to adapt to the harshest conditions. Similar microbes surviving in extreme conditions in the most inhospitable corners of our planet.
Previously, Rosetta also found a strange accumulation of organic matter, particles reminiscent of viruses.
However, as scholars have noted, neither Rosetta nor Philae is not equipped to directly detect life – then, 15 years ago, when preparing the project, according to astronomer and astrobiology Chandra Wickramasinghe of, over such a proposal would only laugh. Continue reading