Length of day:
To 9.93 hours
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in the Solar system. The surface of Jupiter are not made of stone, in contrast to the terrestrial planets closer to the Sun. The planet Jupiter is a huge ball of gas the size. Composition of atmosphere: hydrogen(85%), methane, ammonia, helium(14%). The composition of the atmosphere gas giant similar to the Sun. Jupiter radiates into space more heat than it receives from the Sun. The origin of this energy processes occurring in the core of the planet with hydrogen under huge pressure at which the gas acquires properties similar to metal.
Jupiter rotates so quickly that the planet is elongated along the equator. This intense rotation is the cause of hurricanes on the surface of the atmosphere where the clouds look like long stripes of different colors, rotating along the equator of the planet, often in opposite directions. Continue reading
Jupiter, the fifth in distance from the Sun and the largest planet in the Solar system – distance from Sun-5.2 times further than Earth, and spends some turnover on orbit for almost 12 years. Equatorial diameter of Jupiter is 142 600 km (11 times the diameter of the Earth). The period of rotation of Jupiter is the shortest of all the planets – 9 h 50 min 30 s. at the equator and 9 h. 55 min. 40 s. in the mid-latitudes. Thus, the Jupiter, like the Sun, rotates as a rigid body – rotation speed varies in different latitudes. Because of the rapid rotation of this planet has strong compression at the poles. The mass of Jupiter is equal to 318 Earth masses. The average density of 1.33 g/cm3, which is close to the density of the Sun. The rotation axis of Jupiter is nearly perpendicular to the plane of its orbit. Even in a small telescope shows the polar compression of Jupiter and bands on its surface parallel to the equator of the planet
The Structure Of Jupiter
The visible surface of Jupiter is an upper level clouds surrounding the planet. This ensures that all details on the surface of Jupiter is constantly changing its appearance. From sustainable parts known Great Red spot, observed for over 300 years. It is a huge oval formation, the size of about 35,000 km in longitude and 14000 in latitude between the southern tropicheskii southern temperate bands. Continue reading
What is the biggest planet? This is of course Jupiter. The atmosphere of the biggest planet on Earth reaches 120 degrees Kelvin or minus 153 degrees Celsius. In addition, the atmosphere of the planet consists of 90% hydrogen and 10% helium. Still, astronomers can’t explain why the largest planet in the world has orange, pink, blue and brown spots. And all because at low temperature the atmosphere of Jupiter must be colorless.
There is only the assumption that the color of the clouds is colored by impurities of sulfur compounds. Also worth noting is that the coloring of the clouds is constantly changing. Photo of the largest planet in the form of a Huge red Spot was obtained by Voyager 1 spacecraft. In 1979, he flew over Jupiter at a distance of 9.2 million miles. The Photo shows a red spot too. This is an area that is too complex and variable wave motion.
This Photo of the largest planet Jupiter is considered to be the most clear, which were once obtained from the Earth. On Jupiter there are also storm clouds, as on Earth. This is the state of the atmosphere of Jupiter, you can see in the Photo below. Near the Great red Spot is the area of a riot of clouds. Low clouds are blue and high white. Here wysokiego and represent storm clouds. Scientists say that these clouds can hardly be seen as proof that the biggest planet in the solar system there is water. It is worth noting that on Jupiter winds reach speeds of 480 km/h. Continue reading