Space exploration mankind is just beginning. It’s only been 47 years since the launch of the first artificial satellite. At the dawn of the space seemed to fly on the next planet there are very few. The great powers of the world tacitly competed for the right to be the pioneers of space. As you know, the palm in this area belonged to the Soviet Union first launched into space man.
After the launch of Yuri Gagarin the world community recognized the absolute leadership of the USSR. But the main competitor – the United States of America – was not shared by the tumultuous enthusiasm about another giant leap of progress. And if the Soviet Union existed, the phrase “Catch up and overtake America!”, before members of the NASA task was to restore the eroded national prestige ahead of the Soviet Union in the space race. Three weeks after the flight of the first American astronaut in space, John F. Kennedy vowed America, after ten years since the Americans landed on the moon.
Indeed, on July 21, 1969 American astronaut first stepped on the moon. For Americans, this event was no less significant than the discovery of America or the Declaration of independence. Around the globe spread the pictures depicting the first inhabitants of the moon under the stars and stripes, and later shots of the film depicting a historic moment. With them and began don’t setaside this time the dispute about the lunar program. Continue reading
The history of cosmonautics in the “city of aviation” starts with the building of the Museum. It is an expressive building with a dome, inside which there is the planetarium, one of the outstanding examples of futuristic Soviet architecture. About and imagined future in space at the time. All-Union popularity of the building took on, when his image graced millions of matchboxes Kaluga factory “the Giant”.
To the creation of the Museum of Tsiolkovsky in the 60-ies of the last century had a hand in other space heroes — Gagarin and Korolev. The latter made the most notable contribution: the basis of the collection became the subjects admitted in 1967, from the design office Queen: missiles, propulsion, space vehicles, measuring devices, tools, spacesuits, food warmers. And Yuri Gagarin literally laid the first stone in the Foundation of the Museum — just two months after the first flight into space.
The exposition begins with this event, and from the earliest human attempts to break away from Terra firma. The rocket “the East” is preceded by Chinese gunpowder rockets, and kites, Lomonosov rotary-wing machine, aircraft Mozhaysky and, of course, the works of Tsiolkovsky. Continue reading
The universe (cosmos) is a whole world around us, limitless in time and space and infinitely diverse in forms, which takes forever moving matter. The eternity of the Universe in part you can imagine on a clear night with billions of different size luminous shimmering dots in the sky, representing the distant worlds. Rays of light at a speed of 300 000 km/s from the most remote parts of the Universe reach the Earth about 10 billion years.
According to scientists, the universe resulting from Big Bang 17 billion years ago.
It consists of clusters of stars, planets, cosmic dust and other cosmic bodies. These bodies form a system of planets with satellites (for example. Solar system), galaxies, Metagalaxy (accumulation of galaxies).
Galaxy (postdegree. galaktikos – milk, milky, from the Greek gala – milk) — a vast stellar system that consists of many stars, star clusters and associations, gaseous and dust nebulae, as well as individual atoms and particles scattered in space. Continue reading