The planet Mars is one of the brightest objects in our night sky, even visible to the naked eye and resembles a bright red star. About every two years, our planet and Mars is a maximum converging. Such an event in astronomy is called “confrontation”. At this point, Mars will be only fifty-five millions of miles from Earth. People capitalize on that by sending to the Red Planet during the confrontation spaceships. So how much to fly to Mars ?
The orbit of Mars and Earth
The complete journey from Earth to Mars takes between 150 to 300 days to allow for the speed run, the location of the planets and the length of the path, which must pass the spacecraft. In this case the dominant factor is only the amount of fuel. The more fuel, the faster it will take flight.
History of flights to Mars
The first ever space ship, committed trip Earth-Mars, was created by NASA’s Mariner 4. It was launched in late November 1964 and appeared on Mars July 14, 1965. Mariner 4 reached Mars in 228 days. Continue reading
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Inside the comet 67P/Churyumov — Gerasimenko there are no large voids. The mission of “Rosetta” the European space Agency made measurements that clearly demonstrated and solved the old mystery. Comets are icy debris left over from the formation of the planets 4.6 billion years ago. Spacecraft have visited a total of eight comets, and through these missions we pulled a picture of the basic properties of these space-time capsules. On some questions the answers were found, others appeared.
Comets, as we know, consist of a mixture of ice and dust, and if there were compact, gravity superior to water. However, previous measurements have shown that some of them have very low density, much lower than water ice. Low density means that the comet must be extremely porous.
But what is this porosity: due to large voids in the subsurface of the comet, or due to a more homogeneous structure with low density? Continue reading
“In 80 days around the world” – was the slogan in the old history of the development of technology. Now this task is formulated so: to achieve 40 days of the planet Mars. It sounds unbelievable, nonetheless it is quite real.
New rocket technology must already exist!
Firm Ad Astra Rocket Company earlier NASA astronaut Franklin Chang-Diaz has developed a new rocket engine. Thus the electric energy and the magnetic field associated to the plasma that goes with a high fever. This beam plasma produces uniform and efficient cravings and needs in comparison with other types of engines only in a small amount of fuel.
With this new technology significantly increased the likelihood that a manned mission will continue to be our neighboring planet about 40 days is a small revolution in space flight.
The smallest distance between Mars and Earth is about 56 million km, the largest 401 million km. Continue reading