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April 12 – Day of aviation and cosmonautics

On April 12 the whole world celebrates Day of aircraft and Astronautics.

This is a special day – a day of triumph of science and all those who are today engaged in the space industry.

Russia marks cosmonautics Day in commemoration of the first space flight by Yuri Gagarin. The holiday was established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated 9 April 1962.

April 12, 2010 isposed 49 years since the first flight of man in space. And did it our compatriot Yuri Gagarin. 108 minutes spent in space opened the way for other space explorers. For a short period of time since the first flight into space man has visited the moon, explored almost all the planets of the Solar system, but the first flight was the most difficult and dangerous.

But the confidence and optimism, the desire to conquer space overcame all obstacles. Addressing all the inhabitants of the Earth before launch on April 12 1961 Yuriy Alekseevich said, “Dear friends, relatives and strangers, countrymen, people of all countries and continents! Continue reading

The structure of comets

Unlike planets, comets move on highly elongated orbits, and therefore are visible only at short periods close to the Sun.

The main part of any comet is its nucleus .

According to the hypothesis of the famous American researcher of comets Fred Lawrence Whipple, cometary nucleus is an ice consisting of a mixture of frozen water and frozen gases interspersed with refractory rocky and metallic particles . Figuratively speaking, it looks like a “dirty iceberg”.

Let us imagine that we see the newly opened the comet, which is somewhere in the vicinity of Jupiter’s orbit. Seeing through the telescope hazy pale speck, like a spherical nebula (such unattractive are presented to the observer of a distant comet), we may be disappointed at first. With the approach of the comet to the Sun the solar flux increases. Comet “ice” begin to evaporate rapidly. Around the nucleus formed a vast glowing gas shell – coma. Together with the core of it is the head of the comet. Continue reading

10 huge space objects

Of course, the oceans are huge and mountains impress with their value. And seven billion people is a lot, but still. Since we all live on planet Earth (whose diameter is 12 742 km), it is easy to forget how insignificant we really are small. All we need to do is look up at night, the sky, and realize that we are just a bunch of dust in the immeasurable vast Universe.

10. Jupiter. The largest planet (142 984 kilometres in diameter)

Jupiter – the largest planet of our Solar System. Ancient astronomers named Jupiter after the main Roman God. Jupiter is the fifth most close planet to the Sun. The atmosphere of Jupiter consists of about 84 percent hydrogen and about 15 percent helium, with small amounts of acetylene, ammonia, ethane, methane, phosphine, hydrogen and water vapor. Jupiter has a mass 318 times the mass of Earth and a diameter 11 times larger than the diameter of the Earth. The mass of Jupiter is 70% of the total mass of all other planets of our Solar System. The volume of Jupiter is large enough that it could fit 1300 planets the size of Earth. The planet has 63 known satellites (moons) but most of them have very small sizes, and disappear. Continue reading

Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko may be inhabited by alien microbes
Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko which is travelling now in the company of the device of the probe Philae and Rosetta could be inhabited, according to The Guardian . According to scientists, testifies…

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The largest planet
What is the biggest planet? This is of course Jupiter. The atmosphere of the biggest planet on Earth reaches 120 degrees Kelvin or minus 153 degrees Celsius. In addition, the…

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The Museum of space history
Review The history of cosmonautics in the "city of aviation" starts with the building of the Museum. It is an expressive building with a dome, inside which there is the…

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