Unlike planets, comets move on highly elongated orbits, and therefore are visible only at short periods close to the Sun.
The main part of any comet is its nucleus .
According to the hypothesis of the famous American researcher of comets Fred Lawrence Whipple, cometary nucleus is an ice consisting of a mixture of frozen water and frozen gases interspersed with refractory rocky and metallic particles . Figuratively speaking, it looks like a “dirty iceberg”.
Let us imagine that we see the newly opened the comet, which is somewhere in the vicinity of Jupiter’s orbit. Seeing through the telescope hazy pale speck, like a spherical nebula (such unattractive are presented to the observer of a distant comet), we may be disappointed at first. With the approach of the comet to the Sun the solar flux increases. Comet “ice” begin to evaporate rapidly. Around the nucleus formed a vast glowing gas shell – coma. Together with the core of it is the head of the comet. Continue reading
“In 80 days around the world” – was the slogan in the old history of the development of technology. Now this task is formulated so: to achieve 40 days of the planet Mars. It sounds unbelievable, nonetheless it is quite real.
New rocket technology must already exist!
Firm Ad Astra Rocket Company earlier NASA astronaut Franklin Chang-Diaz has developed a new rocket engine. Thus the electric energy and the magnetic field associated to the plasma that goes with a high fever. This beam plasma produces uniform and efficient cravings and needs in comparison with other types of engines only in a small amount of fuel.
With this new technology significantly increased the likelihood that a manned mission will continue to be our neighboring planet about 40 days is a small revolution in space flight.
The smallest distance between Mars and Earth is about 56 million km, the largest 401 million km. Continue reading
Recently a team of American researchers said that the now popular space tourism can be dangerous for climate of the planet. However, many scientists refer to this statement with skepticism. My opinion on this subject the correspondent was expressed by one of the leading experts on space travel, Professor Alexander Bolonkin.
Recently the journal Geophysical Research Letters has accepted for publication an article in which a group of researchers suggests that the currently popular space tourism can be dangerous for climate of the planet. Although it is not yet printed, about this study already talking in many leading online publications. All of the authors of the publications seem to fully support the researchers ‘ view regarding the danger of space travel.
What a project to promote space so scared of scientists from the Aerospace Corporation in Los Angeles (USA)? The fact that, in their view, flying back and forth space “shuttles” are left in the upper atmosphere is a lot of soot, which is a product of incomplete combustion of nuclear fuel. A group of researchers led by Martin Ross built a computer model of such contamination, based on information from business plans for space tourism in ha by 2020, and emissions estimates developed spacecraft SpaceShipTwo company Virgin Galactic’s. Continue reading