Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko with the module “Fily” reached the nearest point to the Sun
Apparatus “Rosetta” was launched into space in March 2004 with a spaceport in Kourou to study the comet 67P/ Churyumov-Gerasimenko. To the destination apparatus has arrived in 2014 and is currently in orbit around the comet. November 12, 2014 on the surface of the investigated object was launched module “Fily”. He entered the history of space exploration, as the first probe successfully landing on a comet for the first time and managed to drill the surface for the taking of soil samples. Thanks to this unique scientific mission scientists expect to obtain detailed data about the physical and chemical structure of the comet, which will greatly expand human knowledge about the origin of the Universe.
According to him, the closer to the star in recent months, the comet’s activity has steadily increased. This is evidenced by the comparison of Photographs taken by Rosetta, the robot lander with a difference a year last summer and now. Continue reading
Flight to Mars is planned by several countries, who are ready to launch to the red planet manned spacecraft within the next 30 years. However, despite such promising prospects, scholars continue to argue about the feasibility of such a flight.
You should start with the fact that one-way flight will take on a variety of calculations, from 7 to 9 months. Such a long flight is very dangerous as the technical side (increasing the probability of hardware failures) and physiological and also the psychological side. Will the astronauts be so many months in a confined space with very limited contacts? How will it affect the human body for long periods in a weightless condition? How great is the danger of radiation in interplanetary space? All these questions become very relevant in the context of emerging in a not too distant future flight to the red planet.
However, should carefully consider possible consequences and unforeseen circumstances that may confront astronauts involved in such a long expedition. First of all, you should bear in mind that absolutely not possible to interrupt the mission due to any circumstances, or to deliver to Mars new reserves in case of shortage. In this case the crew can only rely on their own strength. Continue reading
April 12, Russia celebrates cosmonautics Day. This holiday was established by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on 9 April 1962 in honor of the world’s first manned flight into space.
April 12, 1961 in earth orbit was launched the world’s first spaceship‑satellite “Vostok” with a man on Board. The launch of the first manned space craft was headed by Sergei Korolev, Anatoly Kirillov, Leonid Voskresenskiy.
Pilot‑cosmonaut of the ship was a Soviet citizen pilot major Yuri Gagarin. The start of the space multistage rocket was successful and after the set speed and separation from the last stage of the carrier rocket, the ship began a free flight on an orbit around the Earth.
After circling the globe, through 108 minutes after launch, was included braking propulsion system and the spacecraft‑the satellite began to descend from orbit to landing. In 10 hours 55 minutes Moscow time the astronaut landed in a given area of arable land in the Volga river near village of Smelovka in the Ternovsky district of the Saratov region. Continue reading