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Something beyond Neptune

Astronomers have discovered the 9th planet of the Solar system?

Giant in the Kuiper belt

Perhaps, the ideas of humans about the Solar system far from reality. Scientists from the University of California, Michael brown and Konstantin Batygin has published a paper in which it is proved that in the Solar system there is at least one full planet .

For the first time sensational work of scientists was published in The Astronomical Journal, later it was reported by reputable scientific journals Science and Nature.

As stated in the work, a new planet, still do not have own names, was found by mathematical analysis of perturbations that experience the body the so-called “Kuiper belt” — space on the outskirts of the Solar system.

According to the calculations of brown and batygina, the ninth planet orbit is at a distance of 20 orbits from Neptune. Revolution around the Sun, this object travels in 10 – 20 thousand years. Planet, according to the findings of researchers exceeds the Land mass 10 times. Continue reading

The largest planet

What is the biggest planet? This is of course Jupiter. The atmosphere of the biggest planet on Earth reaches 120 degrees Kelvin or minus 153 degrees Celsius. In addition, the atmosphere of the planet consists of 90% hydrogen and 10% helium. Still, astronomers can’t explain why the largest planet in the world has orange, pink, blue and brown spots. And all because at low temperature the atmosphere of Jupiter must be colorless.

There is only the assumption that the color of the clouds is colored by impurities of sulfur compounds. Also worth noting is that the coloring of the clouds is constantly changing. Photo of the largest planet in the form of a Huge red Spot was obtained by Voyager 1 spacecraft. In 1979, he flew over Jupiter at a distance of 9.2 million miles. The Photo shows a red spot too. This is an area that is too complex and variable wave motion.

This Photo of the largest planet Jupiter is considered to be the most clear, which were once obtained from the Earth. On Jupiter there are also storm clouds, as on Earth. This is the state of the atmosphere of Jupiter, you can see in the Photo below. Near the Great red Spot is the area of a riot of clouds. Low clouds are blue and high white. Here wysokiego and represent storm clouds. Scientists say that these clouds can hardly be seen as proof that the biggest planet in the solar system there is water. It is worth noting that on Jupiter winds reach speeds of 480 km/h. Continue reading

Manned mission to Mars

By the end of XX century the mankind will be able to send a manned expedition to the planet Mars. The Soviet Union, the United States and other countries could combine resources to implement joint flight. In 1969 was declared a long-term program of the Soviet Union in the field of manned flights in which was planned the creation of orbital stations and laboratories with departing crews as the primary means of extensive exploration of outer space. They will be the “spaceports in space,” launch pads for flights to other planets. There will be large scientific laboratory for research into space technology and biology, medicine and Geophysics, astronomy and astrophysics.

Academician B. N. Petrov, at that time Chairman of the Council at the USSR Academy of Sciences on international cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space “Intercosmos”, noted that orbital space platforms will carry out the final Assembly of the spacecraft systems to conduct training classes of astronauts, which will be used to space conditions and to participate in the Assembly and testing of interplanetary ships.

In the Soviet Union there is a program capable of deducing in space of the modules of spacecraft and build space stations in earth orbit. Continue reading

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