By the end of XX century the mankind will be able to send a manned expedition to the planet Mars. The Soviet Union, the United States and other countries could combine resources to implement joint flight. In 1969 was declared a long-term program of the Soviet Union in the field of manned flights in which was planned the creation of orbital stations and laboratories with departing crews as the primary means of extensive exploration of outer space. They will be the “spaceports in space,” launch pads for flights to other planets. There will be large scientific laboratory for research into space technology and biology, medicine and Geophysics, astronomy and astrophysics.
Academician B. N. Petrov, at that time Chairman of the Council at the USSR Academy of Sciences on international cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space “Intercosmos”, noted that orbital space platforms will carry out the final Assembly of the spacecraft systems to conduct training classes of astronauts, which will be used to space conditions and to participate in the Assembly and testing of interplanetary ships.
In the Soviet Union there is a program capable of deducing in space of the modules of spacecraft and build space stations in earth orbit. Continue reading
Space exploration mankind is just beginning. It’s only been 47 years since the launch of the first artificial satellite. At the dawn of the space seemed to fly on the next planet there are very few. The great powers of the world tacitly competed for the right to be the pioneers of space. As you know, the palm in this area belonged to the Soviet Union first launched into space man.
After the launch of Yuri Gagarin the world community recognized the absolute leadership of the USSR. But the main competitor – the United States of America – was not shared by the tumultuous enthusiasm about another giant leap of progress. And if the Soviet Union existed, the phrase “Catch up and overtake America!”, before members of the NASA task was to restore the eroded national prestige ahead of the Soviet Union in the space race. Three weeks after the flight of the first American astronaut in space, John F. Kennedy vowed America, after ten years since the Americans landed on the moon.
Indeed, on July 21, 1969 American astronaut first stepped on the moon. For Americans, this event was no less significant than the discovery of America or the Declaration of independence. Around the globe spread the pictures depicting the first inhabitants of the moon under the stars and stripes, and later shots of the film depicting a historic moment. With them and began don’t setaside this time the dispute about the lunar program. Continue reading
April 12, Russia celebrates cosmonautics Day. This holiday was established by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on 9 April 1962 in honor of the world’s first manned flight into space.
April 12, 1961 in earth orbit was launched the world’s first spaceship‑satellite “Vostok” with a man on Board. The launch of the first manned space craft was headed by Sergei Korolev, Anatoly Kirillov, Leonid Voskresenskiy.
Pilot‑cosmonaut of the ship was a Soviet citizen pilot major Yuri Gagarin. The start of the space multistage rocket was successful and after the set speed and separation from the last stage of the carrier rocket, the ship began a free flight on an orbit around the Earth.
After circling the globe, through 108 minutes after launch, was included braking propulsion system and the spacecraft‑the satellite began to descend from orbit to landing. In 10 hours 55 minutes Moscow time the astronaut landed in a given area of arable land in the Volga river near village of Smelovka in the Ternovsky district of the Saratov region. Continue reading