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The structure of comets

Unlike planets, comets move on highly elongated orbits, and therefore are visible only at short periods close to the Sun.

The main part of any comet is its nucleus .

According to the hypothesis of the famous American researcher of comets Fred Lawrence Whipple, cometary nucleus is an ice consisting of a mixture of frozen water and frozen gases interspersed with refractory rocky and metallic particles . Figuratively speaking, it looks like a “dirty iceberg”.

Let us imagine that we see the newly opened the comet, which is somewhere in the vicinity of Jupiter’s orbit. Seeing through the telescope hazy pale speck, like a spherical nebula (such unattractive are presented to the observer of a distant comet), we may be disappointed at first. With the approach of the comet to the Sun the solar flux increases. Comet “ice” begin to evaporate rapidly. Around the nucleus formed a vast glowing gas shell – coma. Together with the core of it is the head of the comet. Continue reading

Galactic tourists

100 kilometers above the Earth’s surface (according to the international standards space begins at this altitude), speed – kmh 4000, which is 4 times the speed of sound, so it looks like a tourist flight into space, which you could see in sci-Fi movies or dreamed about since childhood.

Now the dream to see the immensity of outer space has already become a reality.

Who are those 5 people who first saw the Galaxy, read the article. We will also talk about the details of the flight and to quote the impressions of space explorers.

Space tourists – Dennis Anthony Tito

Time in space: 28 April – 6 may 2001

Fare: $20 million

Citizenship: United States

This reckless American with a decidedly non-American name proudly bears the title of “space tourist No. 1”. Anthony Tito is a multimillionaire and entrepreneur of Italian origin. Continue reading

Something beyond Neptune

Astronomers have discovered the 9th planet of the Solar system?

Giant in the Kuiper belt

Perhaps, the ideas of humans about the Solar system far from reality. Scientists from the University of California, Michael brown and Konstantin Batygin has published a paper in which it is proved that in the Solar system there is at least one full planet .

For the first time sensational work of scientists was published in The Astronomical Journal, later it was reported by reputable scientific journals Science and Nature.

As stated in the work, a new planet, still do not have own names, was found by mathematical analysis of perturbations that experience the body the so-called “Kuiper belt” — space on the outskirts of the Solar system.

According to the calculations of brown and batygina, the ninth planet orbit is at a distance of 20 orbits from Neptune. Revolution around the Sun, this object travels in 10 – 20 thousand years. Planet, according to the findings of researchers exceeds the Land mass 10 times. Continue reading

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Flight to Mars
Modern physics. A flight to Mars. Russia is technically ready to organize a manned mission to Mars in early 2020-ies, the Director of the space research Institute of Russian Academy…

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Flight to Mars and the future of NASA
National aerospace Agency is planning to expand cooperation with European institutions and private partners WASHINGTON — The outgoing year of 2015 will also be remembered and new developments in the…

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Flight along cosmic strings
So far the only scientifically proven the possibility of interstellar travel is the acceleration of the spacecraft up to relativistic speeds (punctures and convolution space still remain purely speculative projects).…

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