Unlike planets, comets move on highly elongated orbits, and therefore are visible only at short periods close to the Sun.
The main part of any comet is its nucleus .
According to the hypothesis of the famous American researcher of comets Fred Lawrence Whipple, cometary nucleus is an ice consisting of a mixture of frozen water and frozen gases interspersed with refractory rocky and metallic particles . Figuratively speaking, it looks like a “dirty iceberg”.
Let us imagine that we see the newly opened the comet, which is somewhere in the vicinity of Jupiter’s orbit. Seeing through the telescope hazy pale speck, like a spherical nebula (such unattractive are presented to the observer of a distant comet), we may be disappointed at first. With the approach of the comet to the Sun the solar flux increases. Comet “ice” begin to evaporate rapidly. Around the nucleus formed a vast glowing gas shell – coma. Together with the core of it is the head of the comet. Continue reading
So far the only scientifically proven the possibility of interstellar travel is the acceleration of the spacecraft up to relativistic speeds (punctures and convolution space still remain purely speculative projects). The ship may abandon astronauts in suspended animation for a dozen or even a hundred light years and return them to Earth. But because of the relativistic slowing of Board time on earth will pass away not even the century and Millennium — and it is somehow not pleasing. In addition to other galaxies to get to, there’s no cryostasis will not help. But it is possible that the output is still there.
For 15 years Professor of theoretical physics at Imperial College London, Joao Magueijo develops the hypothesis of variable speed of light (Varying Speed of Light, VSL). However, he minded very little, since most scientists believe this idea is pure nonsense. But we are talking about science impossible, so will try to temper my skepticism.
VSL-models calculated in several ways. They all say that measured on Earth the speed of light in a vacuum is not an absolute constant, and only the lower limit of the speed of propagation of electromagnetic waves. In certain (frankly, vesimaailma) conditions may be many times 299 792 km/s. Continue reading
Among all the planets of the Solar system Jupiter occupies a special position. First, it is the largest planet in our Solar system. Secondly, it is the planet having the largest number of satellites (currently known 67). Thirdly, it is not just the heaviest planet in the Solar system, and planet, the mass of which in 2.47 times the mass of all other planets combined. Ganymede, one of Jupiter’s moons, is the largest natural satellite in the Solar system. In addition, the popularity of the planet gives a local landmark – the Great red spot (BKP), which is a mysterious storm, continuing on Jupiter for hundreds of years.
It should be noted that most of the news concerning Jupiter, deals either with his companions or with BCP. It’s safe to say that much more interest for scientists is the study of the satellites it than him. Of particular interest are the moons IO and Europe . IO has a huge number of active volcanoes, for which this satellite was the status of the most geologically active satellite in the Solar system. And the ice surface of Europa conceals a liquid ocean, which literally forces scientists to look for life on this satellite. In this category of our website you southeastasia with the latest news concerning Jupiter’s moons and, of course, himself. Continue reading